**Zumrotus Sya'diyah, M.Si, Dr. Subiono, MS**

**Abstract**

In this paper, we construct a model of predator-prey systems with timed Petri net and analyze the stabilization of the systems. We discuss a timed Petri net model with the entire holding times are considered. Furthermore, we analyze the periodic behavior of the systems. Using the Lyapunov-max-plus-algebra stability theory, we will obtain the sufficient condition for the stabilization problem. The periodic duration of the oscillation in these systems will be determined. The analysis will also use the interval matrix in max plus algebra. In this case, every holding time in timed Petri net is viewed as an interval value.
Keywords and Phrases: Predator-prey Systems, Timed Petri Net, Max-Plus.

**INTRODUCTION**

Generally, the state of systems changes as time changes. The state spaces are expected to be changed at every tick of the clock. These kinds of systems are called time driven systems. There are some of them which evolve in time by the occurrence of events at possible irregular time intervals, i.e. not necessarily coinciding with clock ticks. In this case, the state transition is a result of the other harmonic events. This kind of systems is called event driven systems [3]. Event driven systems with discrete states are called by discrete event systems. Max plus algebra is the useful approach to represent the discrete event systems. This approaching makes us possible to determine and analyze various kinds of systems properties. The model of them will be linear over max plus algebra. In this kind of systems, event is more decisive than time [9]. We can analyze the systems in max plus algebra easier and simpler than the conventional one because of this linearity [10]. Petri net is a mathematical modeling tool which can be applied to represent the state evolution of the discrete event systems. Petri net is called autonomous if every its transition has at least an input place, i.e. does not have a transition which is always be enabled [2].
In the previous research, the predator-prey systems have been modeled with timed Petri net which is consistent with the real predator-prey behavior in real life [6]. We will modify this model with adding some holding times, condition and event. This Model is inspired by the timed Petri net model of queuing systems with one server that discussed in [10] and the timed Petri net of the predator-prey system discussed in [13]. For this discussion, we need the theory of conventional and interval max plus algebra, timed Petri net, and Lyapunov stability in systems modeled by Petri net. These theories will be discussed in the next section.

[1]. ADZKIYA, DIEKY:

**Acknowledgement**. I wish to give my gratitude to Zvi Retchkimann for giving me the information about this project by his papers he sent me. I also really appreciate in every email and suggestion he gave me related to this project.**REFERENCES**[1]. ADZKIYA, DIEKY:

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